# Raspberry Pi and LEDS again

Posted on 14th December 2020

It's that time of the year again, so out come the Raspberry Pi driven LED pixels. Here are some notes to myself about how to set this all up, before I forget again for another 11 months.

### Setting up the Pi

• Download the latest Raspberry Pi OS
• Burn this to a microSD card
• Add details about your wireless network to the boot partition
• Add a blank ssh file as well. Default username/password is "pi"/"raspberry"
• Don't forget that you need a decent power supply, but this basically worked fine on my aging Pi zero.

### Wiring the level-shifter

The following is from Adafruit guide; Link to image

But I added a 300 ohm resistor between the output of the IC and the data pin of the pixels; and a 1000 μF capacitor across the terminals of my power supply.

### Python usage

Despite Python 2 being end of life, it seems you still need to use python3 and pip3 etc. The Python bindings now have their own GitHub repo: https://github.com/rpi-ws281x/rpi-ws281x-python

I just did:

sudo pip3 install rpi_ws281x


You do need sudo here as you will need to run Python in sudo mode to access the correct hardware (pwm) on the Pi. Also remember that the GPIO number is not the same as the pin number! Using the pinout command is handy here; see also gpio docs

• Using GPIO 18, pwm, works fine.
• Using 10 didn't work, as the SPI won't initialise.
• Using 21, pcm, works fine.

I then managed to bork the wifi/bluetooth hardware on my Pi Zero (perhaps by over-volting it using a bad Quick Charge usb supply). Using a Model B instead, only GPIO 21 works out the box; for further details perhaps see readme.

• It should be possible to power the Pi by connecting the 5V and GND pins to a decent 5V power supply, but I couldn't get this to work: the Pi just kept rebooting.
• Wiring that worked seemed to be to power the level-shifter off the Pi, have all GNDs joined, but keep 5V power lines separate.

That's as far as I got. Maybe next year some custom light-show will actually be written.